Windows Longhorn (Vista)

I have been hearing about Windows Longhorn for the longest time and to this day have not heard of a release date for the new Operating System. Well, it is now known as Windows Vista and recent checks indicate that it is due to be released sometime during 2006. Below is a brief summary about Windows Vista as taken from the Microsoft Development Network:

Windows Vistaâ„¢ (formerly Windows code name “Longhorn”) is a substantial advance in Windows, with significant innovations in the developer platform. Windows Vista makes it easier than ever before to build applications that are more secure, reliable, and manageable. Windows Vista also enables developers and designers to create user-experience breakthroughs that improve usability and enable greater relevance to the work users do. Finally, Windows Vista makes it easy to connect to information, systems, people, and devices though a number of innovative integration technologies.

With all that being said, I truly hope it is as truly a hype as it is being portrayed to be. Personally, Windows OS are easy to use and each advance of it has gotten better (well, Win ME and XP did give me a lot of problems especially when it came to the “blue screen of death” and their compatibility with certain hardware – scanners more specifically – that I did not have with Win 95 and 98). Now, I use Windows 2000 which does not give me any problems.

All we can do right now is sit back and wait to see how well Vista plays out. I am looking forward to getting my own copy as soon as it comes out so as to test it for myself.

Safe Processor (CPU) Operating Temperatures

This post is a follow up to my previous post on overclocking your processor. Many people have been asking about the safe operating temperatures for certain types of processors. Below is a list of some of them. Hope it helps!

AMD Athlon XP 1500+ – 90°C
AMD Athlon XP 1600+ – 90°C
AMD Athlon XP 1700+ – 90°C
AMD Athlon XP 1800+ – 90°C
AMD Athlon XP 1900+ – 90°C
AMD Athlon XP 2000+ – 90°C
AMD Athlon XP 2100+ – 90°C

Athlon 64 X2 4800+ – 65°C
Athlon 64 X2 4600+ – 65°C
Athlon 64 X2 4400+ – 65°C
Athlon 64 X2 4200+ – 65°C
Athlon 64 X2 3800+ – 65°C

AMD Athlon (slot) all speeds – 70°C
AMD Athlon Thunderbird 1.1Ghz+ – 95°C
AMD Athlon MP 1.33Ghz+ – 95°C
AMD Athlon XP 1.33Ghz+ – 90°C
AMD Athlon XP T-Bred up to 2100+ – 90°C
AMD Athlon XP T-Bred over 2100+ – 85°C
AMD Athlon XP Barton – 85°C

AMD Duron up to 1Ghz – 90°C
AMD Duron 1Ghz+ – 90°C
AMD Duron Applebred – 85°C

AMD K6/K6-2/K6-III – 70°C
AMD K6-2/K6-III (model numbers ending in X) – 65°C
AMD K6-2+/K6-III+ – 85°C

AMD Mobile Sempron 2600+ 1.6 GHz – 5-30°C
AMD Sempron 3000+ 1.8 GHz – 10-35°C

Intel Celeron 266-433Mhz – 85°C
Intel Celeron 466-533Mhz – 70°C
Intel Celeron 566-600Mhz (Coppermine) – 90°C
Intel Celeron 633-667Mhz – 82°C
Intel Celeron 700Mhz+ – 80°C

Pentium II 1st Generation – 72-75°C
Pentium II 2nd Generation 266-333MHz – 65°C
Pentium II 350-400Mhz – 75°C
Pentium II 450Mhz – 70°C

Pentium III Slot 1 500-866Mhz – 80°C
Pentium III Slot and socket 933Mhz – 75°C
Pentium III Slot 1 1Ghz – 60-70°C
Pentium III Slot 1 1.13Ghz – 62°C

Pentium IV x86 (all) – 0-60°C

Have a good one!

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The Power of Search Engine Optimization (SEO)

I have been recently captivated by the whole idea of Search Engine Optimization (more popularly referred to as SEO). This new interest in SEO has moved me to check it out. Is it all hype? Well, here is what I have found so far.

It works. I have optimized my main websites’ start page using SEO and I have noticed an increase in my web rankings. Right now, I have a Google PR of 4. Not too bad for just trying a thing, wouldn’t you say! You can check for yourself. Go to and see for yourself. And guess what? I am still in the process of further optimization, so look out for bigger things in the near future.

In addition, SEO aids in ridding your website of unnecessary items. For example, you may choose to use certain codes in your HTML that may cause your site not to get ranked or even recieve a low rank. Or you may leave out vital information that would aid in achieving those coveted rankings. Heads up! Thanks to Search Engine Optimization, you will be able to know ‘what to’ and ‘what not to’ do so as to make the search engines like your website. The better optimized your website is, the more frequently a search engine will spider your website and get it indexed much quicker.

I can attest to all of the above. You may feel a bit skeptical about trying SEO, but I would advise you to give it a try. After all, nothing beats a trial but a failure. So, what have you got to lose? What is your website’s PR? Is it, or are they, listed in the major search engines (Google, Yahoo!, MSN)? Have you been trying to achieve this feat for the longest while? It is true that there are times when it may take weeks or even months to get listed, but if your website has been optimized for search engines, they can get listed much quicker.

SEO is a big thing. I have tried it. So have many others. We have seen the results and can testify to the effectiveness of SEO. Try it. You’ll be glad you did!

Search Engines – How Many Do You Know?

I was doing a search on the internet the other day and realized (not that I never knew before) that no two search engines provide the same results. That considered, it suddenly dawned on me the fact that there are literally thousands of search engines on the internet. I then decided to conduct a little search on the names of some of them.

The list I came across (there is more but I can’t list all) were as follows:

1. Google
2. Yahoo! Search
3. MSN Search
4. A9
5. Alexa Web Search
6. AllTheWeb
7. AltaVista
8. AOL Search
10. HotBot
11. IceRocket
12. Lycos
13. AllinOne MetaSearch
14. Don Busca
15. Dogpile
16. Fazzle
17. Ixquick
18. Mamma
19. MetaCrawler
20. SurfWax

How much more do you know and use? How would you rate them? It is said Google is the best, followed by Yahoo! and then MSN Search. Do you feel the order is correct? I would say Google is number 1, especially since many of my sites are listed in Google, a few with number 1 positions based on search criteria. Don’t believe me? Well, run a search on Google for this blog by putting in my name: Kraig Grayson. What did you see? Told you!

Anyway, have a good one. Hope to write again soon.

Data Backup Devices

Indecision can be a hell of a thing. Why do I say this? Well, a few years back, when I never used to backup my important stuff, I lost all (well, most) of my important files when my hard drive crashed. I was so upset with myself that …. well, I can’t even describe how I really felt. It was an empty feeling. Imagine losing ALL of your important documents and files!

Of course, that never happened to me again! I immediately invested in a Zip Drive to backup my files. And, later as time went by I bought a CD Burner to make copies on CD and DVD. I even have a Flash Drive to do some minor backups of smaller files. All this underscores the importance of making copies of what you may consider important. All too often persons lose vital documents to ‘Mr. Crash’ or ‘Ms. Bad Sector’.

So, what options are there that are geared towards performing a backup of your files? I mentioned a few at the start, but here is a list that is not limited to the options stated here:

1. Jazz Drive
2. Zip Drive
3. Re-Writable Compact Disc (CDRW)
4. Digital Video Disc (DVD)
5. Flash Drive (plugs into USB)
6. Tape Drive

The time period between your backups is up to you. But my advice to you is: Backup each time you make major (even minor) changes to your files. And use software that will give you value for money. For example, Microsoft Backup is a powerful and easy-to-use utility to use. You can do research for others that you may be more comfortable with.

I can assure you that the small investment you make in a backup device will seem negligible to the hours of work you will save and all the heartache you will save yourself if you should end up losing your files for not backing them up. So, if you don’t have even one of these devices, please go out and get one today!

Overclocking Your Processor

Many people have gone the route of overclocking their processor for faster speeds. While this practice is not uncommon, if it is not done under the right conditions it can result in your procesor suddenly quitting on you.

A major factor that affects overclocking is the operating temperature. The faster the CPU is the greater the temperature. This simply means that if one chooses to overclock a CPU, you have to ensure that you have a good air flow through your case. As a matter of fact, the size of the fan that cools the processor will have to be increased to improve cooling on the CPU. The heat sink too needs to be large enough to handle the large heat dissipation in an effective manner.

Overclocking can be done in a number of ways. For example, some people hardwire certain pins on the CPU to achieve this feat. Others use software that tweak the BIOS (usually a 15% overclock is achieved) to increase the speed. Either way, consideration has to be given to the temperatures that can reached by the CPU and steps must be taken to keep the temperature in check.

My advice: BEFORE overclocking make sure to read up on it, paying special attention to the make of the processor (AMD, Intel, etc.) and the effective operating temperatures of each. Remember that overclocking reduces the life of your processor and it can fail without any warning, especially if temperatures are not kept in check.

The Smaller The Disc – The Greater The Capacity

Have you realized, I mean really observed, that the smaller digital discs become is the more information they can hold? It is quite amazing how advances in technology have allowed us to carry around information in our shirt pockets. When we reflect on bygone times, one would have to have a large briefcase or some other gigantic carrying case to haul around small amounts of information from one place to another. It would be worst if one needed to travel with large amonuts of info. Can you imagine how much paper all that took up? Even the floppy disks at that time (remember the 5 1/4 discs?) were not easy to carry.

But now we can have all that data and information, and more, on a sincle CD or DVD or MiniDisc, or on microscopic chips! We are talking Gigabytes of space here. Then there is the ever trendy Flash Drive that fits right in your pocket. It seems too that the smaller cellular phones become is the more features they have and space constraints are minimal. We can watch movies, surf the internet, play music, send messages, use GPS, and on and on. Laptops and PC’s also have similar characteristics.

What new devices amaze you? If we all stop and consider where technology is headed, one day we may be able to insert a chip into our brains that can transmit and receive data and information without needing to hold a device in our hands! Our thoughts (and speech) could control the operation of the chip. Would you like one inserted into your brain?

How Safe Is Your PC?

There are many viruses floating around now that can wreak havoc on your computer once it has been infected. It is important that everyone who surfs the internet have some form of Anti-virus software installed to combat and fight the viruses. Do you have one installed on your PC as you are reading this? If not, please obtain a copy of an Anti-virus software at the earliest possible time. Remember that some viruses can reside on your machine and not be immediately noticeable. This is because many of them slowly eat away at your files (usually the most important ones) until your system starts behaving irratically for reasons you may often wonder. More than likely if something like this is happening to you, you may be infected with a virus, or even viruses!

Let us look at the names of the most reported viruses for last month, February 2006. Below is a list of the top 10 viruses reported during February:

(1) W32/Netsky-P
(2) W32/Nyxem-D
(3) Re-entry W32/Bagle-Zip
(4) W32/Zafi-B
(5) W32/Mytob-FO
(6) W32/Mytob-EX
(7) W32/Bagle-CH
(8) Troj/Clagger-G
(9) W32/Netsky-D
(10) W32/Mytob-BE

In addition, there are hoaxes and chain letters that have caused problems for many persons last month. The top 10 Hoaxes and Chain Letters were:

(1) Hotmail hoax
(2) Virtual card for you
(3) Meninas da Playboy
(4) Bonsai kitten
(5) Budweiser frogs screensaver
(6) MSN is closing down
(7) Olympic torch
(8) WTC Survivor
(9) Bill Gates fortun
(10) Applebees Gift Certificate

If you want to learn more about the named viruses and hoaxes, I would encourage you to look them up in a search engine. You will be shocked at some of the things you read they are able to do to your computer. So, how safe is YOUR PC? Install an Anti-virus program now…before it is too late!!

*** Top ten virus and hoax information according to Sophos – Understanding Viruses. ***

Which Processor is The Best?

With all the advances in technology, there are many processors around, and I mean CPU’s, that claim to be the best. Yes, the newer ones have variable ‘fast’ speeds that people go after day after so as to have the fastest machine on earth. The brands are quite vast, too:

From Intel we have:

(1) Pentium – The 80586 or P5 the Pentium is the generation above the 486 processor line.
(2) Pentium Pro – Chip designed to help speed up Windows 32-bit software
(3) Pentium with MMX – Processor with additional 57 new instructions and enhanced speed to graphics and multimedia software. MMX is now included in all Intel processors that have been released after this processor.
(4) Pentium II / III – The first of the Intel processors to include the Slot adapters. These processors were the next generations of the Intel Pentium processor.
(4) Intel Coppermine – The Socket (FC-PGA) version of the Intel Pentium III / IV.
(5) Intel Flip Chip – Another name for the Intel Coppermine.
(6) Intel Celeron – The low end Intel processors designed to help lower the prices of the computers by reducing or at first eliminating the level 2 cache.
(7) Pentium IV – The next generation of Intel processors, these processors were over 1GHz and were the FPGA processors.

The AMD processors include:

(1) AMD K6-2 – Socket 7 processor with the 3DNow! technology and first to have the 100MHz bus.
(2) AMD K6-3 – K6-2 chip with Level 2 cache memory that runs at the speed of the CPU.
(3) AMD Duron – Like the Intel Celeron the AMD Duron is an affordable solution processor allowing for the price in the overall computer to drop.
(4) AMD Athlon – AMD generation with features such as the 200MHz bus speed
(5) AMD Thunderbird – The latest AMD processor this processor is the socket version.
(6) AMD K7 – Socket A processor with speeds that go above the 1 GHz.
(7) AMD Sempron – 2400+ Thoroughbred 333MHz FSB 256KB L2 Cache Socket A Processor

Now, which one is the best, I mean in terms of the particular family – is it Intel or AMD? Everyone has there own opinion. Personally, I have worked with both, more so with AMD K7 which works well (I have no problem with it). Pentium is good too. Many people give it high ratings. What really is the difference between the two? After all, a processor is a processor, isn’t it? What is your favourite?

BEWARE of Internet Scams


February 18, 2006


The abovementioned URL, which leads to a site titled “Earn $1000’s Weekly Processing Emails From Home! $25 Per Email! Make money online working from home with money making programs!”, DOES NOT REFUND YOUR MONEY if you are not satisfied with the program.

When you pay your fee (of about $79.95) you are able to log into the members area. At the very bottom of the members page, there is a link that says “How to get money returned. Click here!” This link opens up your email client with the mailto address ‘’. I found out that it sends your email to an autoresponder which sends back a message immediately saying “Not happy with program. You can get a refund. Please give the program a fair try. Signed: Jack Miller.” Then a day or so later someone named “Jack Miller”, or whoever he is, writes back saying the same thing. I have written nearly ten (10) times requesting my money, to no avail.

There is a bold guarantee on the ‘’ page that says “60 Day Strong Money Back Guarantee! We are so confident you’ll be satisfied with this program, we’re offering you a 100% Money Back Guarantee. We are determined to keep you satisfied or your money back! There is absolutely no risk! You have nothing to lose but everything to gain! We will refund every penny if you are not satisfied. Register Today and start making money immediately!

I joined more than 60 days now, and even before the 60 day period ended, I have been requesting a refund and cannot get it. It has now reached the point where I believe that my email address has been blocked by the fraudulent operators of the program since I no longer get a reply from them when I write. Either that or they choose to ignore my requests.

People BEWARE of this site – ‘’. I don’t know if anyone has made any money using their procedures, but I have not and all I want is my money back.
As I stated earlier, I have been asking and asking and still have not recieved it, more than 10 times! At one time the “Jack Miller” person tried to bribe me by sending me the passwords
for all 12 of the programs that they offer, free travel, and a bunch of other things I do not need. All I want is my money back.

You have all been warned. These people are a rip-off and YOU WILL NOT GET YOUR MONEY BACK.